Informative page about the spread of Covid-19 in Latvia
Covid-19 Frequently Asked Questions and Answers
It is allowed to enter Latvia, provided that the guidelines developed by the Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (SPKC) are being followed. When arriving from countries with a 14-day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases that is higher than 16 per 100,000 inhabitants, self-isolation must be observed for 14 days.
14-day self-isolation must be observed when entering Latvia from the countries listed in the “National COVID-19 morbidity rates” section of the SPKC website.
If a person is arriving from a “safe” country by transiting through an “unsafe country” (for example, arriving from Norway via Sweden), the person must observe self-isolation; in order to avoid self-isolation, a different return route must be chosen.
Self-isolation means staying in the place of self-isolation without exposing other persons to the risk of infection and without making direct contact with others (not receiving guests, not visiting anyone, not going to work or public places where many people may be present, except for going to the shop or getting to the place of residence or of self-isolation immediately after arriving in Latvia, using a mouth and nose covering).
When arriving from countries with a 14-day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases that is higher than 16 per 100,000 inhabitants, self-isolation must be observed for 14 days. 14-day self-isolation must be observed when entering Latvia from the countries listed in the “National COVID-19 morbidity rates” section of the Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (SPKC) website.
From 16 July, before entering Latvia, all passengers of international passenger carriers will have to submit a completed questionnaire to their carrier, indicating the countries that they have visited during the last 14 days, their contact information, and the address chosen for performing two weeks of self-isolation (if applicable), as well as confirming their compliance with the national epidemiological safety measures. Information on passengers who have been in countries widely affected by Covid-19 will be passed on to the National Police for executing self-isolation control, and information on other passengers will be passed on to the Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, in order to allow them to promptly identify possible contact persons if necessary.
Failure to comply with self-isolation at the place of work and during working hours
Exceptions shall be acceptable to those foreign inhabitants from risk countries, whose:
- arrival in Latvia is required for fulfilment of the liabilities of Latvian merchants (these persons may not be subject to 14 days’ self-isolation during the time and at the place of performance of work duties);
- arrival in Latvia is required for the organization of cultural services and public events;
- purpose of arrival in Latvia is participation in international sporting events.
Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (SPKC) has developed guidelines for travellers. It is not recommended to go to countries with a 14-day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases higher than 25 per 100,000 inhabitants. It is recommended to assess the need for travel to countries where the 14-day cumulative number of COVID-19 cases exceeds 16.
Information on national cumulative indicators as well as travel recommendations can be found on the SPKC website in the “National COVID-19 morbidity rates” section.
It is allowed for:
- up to 250 persons to gather in premises the total publicly accessible area of which is 1000 m2 or less;
- up to 500 persons to gather in premises the total publicly accessible area of which is more than 1000 m2, but not exceeding 50% of the maximum acceptable number of people in the room, considering that 4 m2 should be provided per person;
- up to 3000 persons to gather outside, ensuring publicly available information about the maximum acceptable number of persons is provided at the venue or place where the provision of commercial service occurs.
At public catering establishments an area of 3 m2 per person must be ensured.
Up-to-date information on other restrictions effective from 1 July is available in the Covid-19 control measures section
Everyone has the opportunity to be tested for Covid-19, even if they show no symptoms. It is mandatory to make an appointment in advance by calling 8303 (Central Laboratory); 67801112 (E.Gulbja laboratorija) on weekdays from 8:00 to 20:00, on Saturdays from 9:00 to 15:00, or on Sundays from 9:00 to 12:00; or 67000610 (RAKUS) on working days from 8:00 to 17:00. If a person shows no symptoms, that person is allowed to arrive to the testing point by bicycle, on foot, or by public transport, using a mouth and nose covering. If a person shows symptoms of the disease, that person must first contact their GP, who will advise them on the necessary treatment and refer them to be tested for Covid-19.
The symptoms of the disease manifest themselves in different ways in different people; however, the most common symptoms include high temperature (fever), fatigue, and dry cough. Other symptoms include shortness of breath (possible tightness in the chest), muscle pain, sore throat, neck pain, and in rare cases diarrhoea, nausea, and runny nose. These symptoms are usually mild and develop gradually. There are cases of people getting infected and not showing any signs of the disease.
If you experience these symptoms:
- immediately stop any physical contact with healthy people (quarantine);
- contact your GP for treatment and testing advice;
- if you have a very high temperature, a severe cough, and difficulty breathing, call 113 immediately.
The virus spreads through saliva and nasal secretions of an infected person:
- Through direct contact with an infected person
- With tiny drops arising from speaking, sneezing or coughing.
- By touching surfaces and articles contaminated with respiratory secreations.
Preventative measures for COVID-19 are similar to those which would be used in the case of other infections of the upper respiratory system. Engage in frequent hand-washing, especially after coming into proximity with people who are ill or with people in their circle of contacts. When coughing or sneezing, be sure to dispose of kleenex (facial tissues) after a single use, and then wash your hands. To avoid falling ill with COVID-19, carefully observe social-distancing: that means placing two metres in between yourself and the next person and to stay away from places where lots of people are congregating, and, as much as possible, to stay home and do your work at a distance (telework).
People who have received a laboratory confirmation of the Covid-19 diagnosis and whose health condition permits them to receive treatment at home, must stay in strict self-isolation. This is defined by the physician and CDPC epidemiologists. During this time:
- until recovery the person may obtain a sick-leave certificate, they must be in daily communication with their general practitioner and other medical personnel and abide by their instructions.
- they may not leave their residence and must be available for communication and cooperation with their general practitioner and other medical personnel and must strictly abide by the instructions given;
- isolation can only be broken upon permission of the treating physician;
- until then no guests may be hosted, and all direct contact with others must be avoided, stores must not be visited;
- Covid-19 patients must purchase basic necessities and food by home delivery or with the help of friends and family. If needed, they may request support from the municipal social services, but avoiding direct contact with the social worker;
- A face mask must be worn, if there are other residents in the household;
- Any medication may only be taken upon approval from the treating physician;
- In case of deterioration of the condition, contact your general practitioner or call 113.
- Family members must adhere to instructions for contact persons.
- Failure to comply with established restrictions may carry a penalty and the police may verify compliance with restrictions.